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ISPM15 Global Guide Updated: 24th Sept 2008

Argentina
Argentina has announced that it will implement ISPM15 gradually.  Full implementation will take effect on 1st January 2006. To view notification (in Spanish) ( updated 21st November 2005).

 
 
Australia
Australia implemented ISPM15 in September 2004, but not in respect of WPM used in air cargo.  From 1 January 2006, Australia will require all WPM and dunnage to be ISPM15 compliant and marked (to view WTO notification).  In addition, all WPM and dunnage must be bark-free and, if fumigated, the exposure time must be 24hours, not 16 hours as in ISPM15 (under review).  The UKWPMMP already requires that fumigation is carried out over 24 hours.  (Updated 21 September 2005).

(AQIS) formally implemented ISPM15 alongside their existing regulations with effect from 1 September 2004.  This action gives exporters a choice of treatment options to choose and is mainly for the benefit of countries that do not have ISPM15 compliant wood marking programmes in place yet. In addition to heat treatment or fumigation by Methyl Bromide (NB for 16 hours - not 24 hours as originally published in Australia's earlier fumigation notifications), wood packaging material must also be debarked. Details of the new rules are set out in AQIS Notice to Industry No 19 . (Last updated:17 August 2004). To view examples of AQIS supplier/packer declarations, (full container loads) (less than full container loads). (Last update 23 August 2004). The declarations can be completed by the Exporter as AQIS have confirmed that their reference to 'Suppliers' also meant 'Exporters'. Suppliers (i.e. the exporters) do not need to put UKWPMMP/ISPM 15 unique registration numbers on the packing declarations.  the only number that is required is a numerical to link between the declaration and the container/shipment.  The intention is for the supplier to fill out the declaration as they are the ones that AQIS will be targeting for increased surveillance/profiling if surveillance shows a problem.

We have been advised that AQIS has no quarantine concerns with packing made solely of reconstituted wood products.  Reconstituted wood products are those that no longer contain solid wood as a result of the manufacturing process and include particleboard, chipboard, masonite, oriented strand board, medium and high density fibreboard.   AQIS have published the following Public Quarantine Alerts which wood packaging manufacturers and exporters using packaging materials made from processed wood products should familiarise themselves with -

PQA0389 - Importation of peeler cores as packaging or dunnage
PQA0390 - Amended import conditions for panel products
PQA0404 - Changed import requirements for packing made solely from reconstituted wood products (includes particleboard, chipboard, masonite, oriented strand board (OSB), medium and high density fibreboard).

All of these PQA's can be viewed on AQIS's site.

Packing material made of newly manufactured plywood

Note: AQIS commenced a review of import requirements for plywood in late 2004.  Until this review is completed, plywood will continue to be a quarantine concern.

Packing material made of plywood is acceptable for facilitated quarantine clearance, that is without inspection or further treatment, provided the plywood is newly manufactured (ie not pre-used), is manufactured in: Australia, Canada, Europe, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, United Kingdom or USA within three months of shipment; or countries other than those above, within 21 days of shipment, and in every case, accompanied by an acceptable certificate that includes the country of manufacture, the date of manufacture and a statement that the plywood has not been pre-used (see Appendix VII for an example of an acceptable newly manufactured plywood certificate).

Alternatively, packing material made of either new or pre-used plywood may qualify for facilitated clearance if treated offshore by an AQIS approved method (refer Appendices I, II and III).  Acceptable treatment certificates must accompany such consignments.

Upon arrival, packing material made of plywood that does not meet the newly manufactured requirements above or has not been appropriately treated offshore will be subject to inspection, treatment (refer Appendices II and III), re-export or destruction with all options at the importer's expense.
Import conditions for bulk imports of plywood are provided in the AQIS Import Conditions database ICON.Full details of the above guidance can be viewed in AQIS's Cargo Containers - Quarantine aspects and procedures manual which is updated on a regular basis.

(updated 3rd February 2005)

 
 
Bolivia
Bolivia has announced its intention to implement ISPM15 (subject to a 60 day consultation period). To view the WTO notification (in Spanish) dated 24 May 2005. (An English version has been requested. (Last update 6 July 2005).
  
  
Brazil
Brazil  has confirmed that it will accept wood packaging material with the IPPC mark as the phytosanitary certification.  To see correspondence from the Embassy of Brazil.
  
   
Bulgaria
Bulgaria will require wood packaging material and dunnage to comply with ISPM15 as from 1 June 2006 but as of 1 January 2007 when Bulgaria becomes a member of the European Community, it need not, as it will be regarded as intra-Community movement.
 
Canada
Canada - Starting September 16th 2005 Canada, the United States and Mexico will increase the enforcement of the ISPM 15 Standard on all Wood Packaging material entering their borders. In the past, non-compliant shipments were allowed in Canada, and notification letters from CFIA were sent to the NPPO officials (through Post) to advise them of the violations. This initial voluntary period will expire on Sept 15th, and Canada will begin stepping up its enforcement in three phases.

Phase 1 September 16:  Canada will refuse entry on shipments found to have infested wood packaging (during this preliminary period, only signs of infestation would prevent entry of shipments) with the exception of ship's dunnage.  Ship's dunnage will be treated or disposed if non-compliant  (i.e. with signs of living pests, or no ISPM15 mark, or no Phytosanitary Certificate).

Phase 2  February 1, 2006: Canada will refuse entry for any wood packaging found to be non-compliant (i.e. with signs of living pests, or no ISPM15 mark, or no Phytosanitary Certificate) with the exception of ship's dunnage.  Ship's dunnage will be treated or disposed if non-compliant.

Phase 3 July 1, 2006: Canada will refuse entry on all wood packaging materials including ship's dunnage found to be non-compliant.
 
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) Directive D-98-08 (5th Revision) will be updated soon. To view the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Q & A

Canada announces new timber import requirements

  
 
Chile
Chile has lodged a WTO notification announcing implementation of ISPM 15 from 1 June 2005. To view their notification. Note: further details of the Chilean requirements will be posted later. (Last updated 3 November 2004)
  
 
China
China - having sought further clarification from China about Notice 11 (see Clarification Note) and Notice 32 (2005), China has confirmed that they will accept ISPM15 compliant wood packaging material without a phytosanitary certificate or wood packaging material that complies with China Announcement 2002/58 with a phytosanitary certificate (updated 5 September 2005).

Some exporters, however, have reported problems in getting shipments cleared without a phytosanitary certificate and it seems that it may take some time for all port officials to become familiar with this rule change. We have therefore decided that we will continue to issue certificates where we are requested to do so even though it is not our normal practice to issue certificates where these are not required by the importing country. We will keep this under review and would appreciate feedback from exporters.

China continues to encourage exporters to use the 'Declaration of use of non wood packaging material'.

Phytosanitary Certificate not required from immediate effect, Please read information above.

  
 
Colombia
Colombia has implemented ISPM15 via Resolution No. 01074. (Updated 24 September 2008)
  
 
Costa Rica
Costa Rica - will implement ISPM15 on 19 March 2006.  To view notification ( in Spanish). ( Updated 9 November 2005).
   
Cuba
Cuba - has announced its intention to implement ISPM15 on 1st October 2008. To view notification.
  

EU
From 1 March 2005 new landing requirements apply for wood, wood products and wooden packaging material arriving in the European Community from all countries, except Switzerland. The landing requirement does not apply to wood, wood products and wooden packaging material which is simply moving from one EU member State to another. Additionally there is no phytosanitary certificate requirement for wooden packaging material arriving in the EC , which is ISPM15 compliant as the certification is provided via the ISPM15 wood mark.

The new rules, which are set out in Council Directive 2004/102/EC, will be incorporated into our national legislation as quickly as possible, once the final implementing details are agreed in Brussels.

For most wood products, the existing requirements will continue to apply. New treatment options, such as heat treatment for all conifer wood, regardless of country of origin, have been agreed AND THESE WILL BE ACCEPTED in Great Britain from 1 March.

More detailed information regarding the new treatment options as provided in the 'Wood Package' summary note (issued December 2003) can be viewed by clicking here

Wood packaging material (WPM) will also be affected following EU implementation of ISPM 15 on 1 March. From that date, all WPM, such as boxes, crates, pallets, which are made using any unmanufactured wood products, MUST meet the new requirements and be either heat treated or fumigated with Methyl bromide under an officially approved programme and carry the internationally agreed mark. WPM comprised entirely of manufactured wood products such as plywood, particle board, oriented strand board or similar is EXEMPT, and need not be treated or marked.

Note: the requirement in Directive 2004/102/EC that all WPM must be made from debarked wood has been suspended for one year ie until 1st March 2006 and WILL NOT therefore be enforced. Directive 2005/15/EC dated 28th February 2004 provides details of this amendment.
Emergency measures: In the meantime the emergency measures covering WPM from Canada, China, Japan and the USA will remain in place, pending review. This means coniferous WPM from these countries must be heat treated, chemically pressure impregnated or Methyl bromide fumigated and marked (and from China, only, be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate). In addition, non-coniferous WPM from China must be EITHER bark-free and free of insect bore holes > 3 mm across OR kiln-dried.

For all WPM manufactured after 28 February 2005, the mark must also include the IPPC1 logo -



1 IPPC - International Plant Protection Convention, FAO Rome

For WPM manufactured before that date, and until 31 December 2007, the mark need only contain the country code, the producer code and the treatment code. After 1 January 2008, all WPM will need to have the full ISPM 15 mark, including the IPPC logo

Dunnage 
From 1 March 2005, and until 31 December 2007, all dunnage must either be bark-free, free of pests and signs of live pests OR be heat treated or fumigated with Methyl bromide and carry the ISPM 15 mark incorporating the country code, the producer code and the treatment code. For treated and marked dunnage there is no requirement for the wood to be debarked until 1 March 2006. After 1 January 2008, all dunnage will need to have the full ISPM 15 mark, including the IPPC logo

This information is correct at the time of publication and will be updated as required. (Updated 3rd March 2005).

  
 
Ecuador
Ecuador has announced its intention to implement ISPM15 with effect from 30 September 2005. We do not have details at present but will provide these when available. (Updated 28 July 2005).
 
Egypt
Egypt will implement ISPM15 on 1 October 2005. To view WTO notification.
 
Guatemala
Guatemala lodged a WTO notification announcing implementation of ISPM15. Proposed date of adoption 25 January 2005. Note Details of the Guatemalan requirements will be provided as soon as they are published.
   

Guyana
The relevant authority has advised that it has implemented ISPM15. Unfortunately we are unable to publish any official document as the notification was made by email to the Forestry Commission.

   
Honduras
Honduras has notified of ISPM 15 implementation. WTO notification
 
Hong Kong
Hong Kong plant health authorities at http://www.afcd.gov.hk/quarantine/animals_e.htm

Phytosanitary Certificate not required

  
  
India
India implemented ISPM15 on 1st November 2004 and has published details of its landing requirements. Material with a plant origin used for packaging must either be heat treated or fumigated. Click here to see details as published by Ministry of Agriculture in India. Click here to see subsequent amendment (Updated 31 May 2004). Click here for Ministry of Agriculture, Plant Quarantine Organisation of India.

India has published details of its implementation of ISPM15 and landing requirements for wood packaging material w.e.f. 1st November 2004 (see attached Web page)

  
   
Indonesia
Even though Indonesia has not yet officially implemented ISPM15 as a landing requirement for wood packaging material, the Director of Belawan Plant Quarantine Station, Agricultural Quarantine Agency, has confirmed that pending the implementation of the ISPM15, Indonesia is prepared to accept ISPM15 compliant wood packaging without a phytosanitary certificate, provided that it is treated and marked according to the ISPM15 specifications. To facilitate clearance at the points of entry in Indonesia, it is highly recommended that the WPM be accompanied by a Packing Declaration. It is anticipated that Indonesia will officially implement ISMP15 before the end of 2006.
   

Japan has announced that it will implement ISPM15 on 1 April 2007. To view the WTO notification.  To view details in MAFF Notification No. 1352.  Further information can be viewed on Japan's website.

 
 
Lebanon
The Head of Agriculture Import,Export Department Lebanese Ministry of Agriculture has advised that the Lebanese Ministerial Decree No. 19/1 dated 9/1/06 requires all wood packaging material entering the Lebanon to be ISPM15 compliant wef 9th March 2006.
   
Oman
has announced its intention to implement ISPM15 in December 2006.  To view WTO notification.
 
Republic of Korea (South Korea)
Republic of Korea implemented ISPM15 on 1 June 2005. Republic of Korea has notified throught the WTO that it will only accept WPM from certain countries if it has been fumigated for 24 hours.  This has no direct impact on exports from the UK using packaging manufactured here. Apart from not having Pine Wood Nematode present, fumigations under the UK Wood Packaging Material Marking Programme must be over a 24 hour period. (last updated 11 May 2005).
   
Mexico
Mexico will implement ISPM 15 on 16 September 2005. At the present time wood packaging should be bark free and free from signs of infestation. The new requirements (in Spanish) come into force on 16 September 2005 in line with the USA and Canada. (The section, at the end headed 'Transitorios' paragraph 'Segundo' confirms application of articles 5 and 6.6 from 16 September 2005).
   
New Zealand
New Zealand implemented ISPM15 on 16 April 2006.  It has however recently consulted on changes to the Import Health Standard Wood Packaging Materials from All Countries.  We have been advised that the new standard will come into effect on 1 May 2006.

Following consultation, New Zealand has amended its import requirements for wood packaging material from 1 May 2006. These are set out in their revised Import Health Standard. All WPM produced under the UK's Wood Packaging Material is bark-free and that treated by fumigation is treated to the 24 hour treatment specification recently adopted by the Commission for Phytosanitary Measures and thus meets New Zealand's requirements. (last updated 17 May 2006)

  
 
Nicaragua
Nicaragua - notice of intent to implement ISPM15 (in Spanish) - actual date to be determined.
Nigeria
Nigeria (Update 8th October 2004)- we have received an up date to Mrs Oraka's , Nigeria Plant Quarantine Service, letter dated 16 August, which now states that Nigeria does NOT require a phytosanitary certificate if the mark on the body of the packaging materials indicates that it has been treated as stated in ISPM15; to view update. We apologise for the quality of this letter.

We have also received email correspondence dated from the Nigeria Plant Quarantine Service stating -

'All wood packaging and dunnage must be marked with IPPC logo and be accompanied with certificate of treatment. In the absence of IPPC logo and certificate of treatment it must then be accompanied with phytosanitary certificate issued by Plant Protection Organisation of exporting country'.

We have requested details of the information to be included in the treatment certificate ie will a fumigation certificate or Certificate of Conformity suffice and as soon as we receive a response from the Nigeria Plant Quarantine Service we will publish it on our website.

Please therefore continue to monitor this website.

Even though Nigeria have not submitted a WTO Notification advising of their intent to implement ISPM15 we would recommend that exporters comply with the requirements of the attached announced to ensure that their goods are not delayed or intercepted by the Nigerian Authorities. We have advised the EC of the details of this announcement and requested that Nigeria submit a WTO Notification immediately and we will report on the outcome of this action. Please continue to monitor this website for updates.

  
 
Norway
Norway has now announced its intention to implement ISPM15 on the 1st July 2008 (this was set to be on the 1st January 2008 before).  To view WTO notification.
 
Paraguay
Paraguay has announced that it implemented ISPM15 on 28 June 2005.  To view WTO notification (in Spanish). (Last updated 24 November 2005).
 
Peru
Peru has announced that it will implement ISPM15 with effect from 1 September 2005. To view WTO notification ( in English). To view the text of the regulation (in Spanish). (Last update 14 April 2005)
 
 
Philippines
Phillipines announced in June that they had implemented ISPM15 but a further announcement (20 July 2004) notifies that they will now partially implement ISPM15 on 1 January 2005 (treated but without the need for marking) with full implementation on 1 June 2005.  After that date they will require all wood packaging material entering their territory should be treated and marked in accordance with ISPM15.  Further details and information may be obtained through (epad.polreser@eudoramail.com) Last update: (17 August 2004).
 
 
Seychelles
Implements ISPM15 on 1st March 2006 - see details. 
 
South Africa
South Africa has confirmed that it will implement ISPM15 on 1 January 2005. (Updated 22 December 2004). Non ISPM15 compliant material will be accepted until 1 March 2005 provided that such material is bark free and does not present a plant health risk.
   

Syria
The relevant authority has advised that it has implemented ISPM15. Unfortunately we are unable to publish any official document as the notification was made by email to the Forestry Commission.

  
 
Switzerland
An 'agreement of equivalence' has been reached between the EU and the Swiss. Wood packaging emanating from this market can be regarded in the same way as that from any EU member state.
  
 
Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu
Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu - notification has confirmed that it will implement ISPM15 on 1st November 2005.
 
Turkey
Turkey has announced via the publication of Official Gazette: 30.12.2004-25686 that is has deferred its implementation of ISPM 15 until 1 January 2006. To view the amendment on Turkey's Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs website by selecting the 'Regulations on Marking Wood Packaging Material for Phytosanitary Measures' option and by scrolling down to the foot of the page. (Updated 5 January 2005)
  
 
Ukraine
Ukraine has implemented ISPM15 as an import requirement, with the addition of debarking and confirm that all WPM produced under the UKWPMMP meets their requirements; to see notification.
  
USA and North America
USA (Update 16 September 2005 ie the beginning of the USA's informed ISPM15 compliance period)

The USA's Customs and Border Protection (CBP) announced on 15th September 2005 that it had conducted a special operation during the month of July 2005 to determine the baseline level of wood packaging material (WPM) compliance with ISPM15. Based on examination results, CBP will perform phased-in compliance enforcement of the USDA WPM regulation. Details of the phased-in compliance can be viewed in the CBP's Operating Procedures for Trade Community Regarding Implementation of the Wood Packaging Materials (WPM) Regulation

More information will be made available from the USDA during the months of September and October or via the CBPs website

APHIS in cooperation with CBP will begin enforcing phase two of the wood packaging material (WPM ) regulation beginning Feb. 1. During the phase, APHIS and CBP will require that all commodity imports entering or transiting the United States with WPM consisting of pallets and crates be either heat treated or fumigated with methyl bromide. The shipments must also be marked with an approved international logo, certifying that the WPM has been appropriately treated. WPM that does not meet these requirements will not be allowed to enter into the United States and will be re-exported.

Shipments containing WPM that violate the rule may be allowed entry only if the CBP port director determines that it is possible to separate the approved material from the noncompliant portion of the shipment. Arrangements to have the noncompliant WPM exported from the United States would be required before the approved cargo can be released to the consignee. All costs associated with this process are the responsibility of the importer.

This phase of enforcement will continue through July 4. Full enforcement of the WPM regulation will begin July 5. At that time, all WPM must meet the import requirements and be free of timber pests before entering or transiting through the United States.


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